“Interruption of Onchocerca volvulus Transmission in the Abu Hamed Focus, Sudan” 10/7/13 – Nick Dellasanta

“Interruption of Onchocerca volvulus Transmission in the Abu Hamed Focus, Sudan”

Appearing in The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, this report describes the intervention methods used to eliminate onchocerciasis in northern Sudan in the culmination of an effort that began in 1998. Such elimination was made possible by monitoring the black fly vector, comprehensive antibody testing throughout the population, and the biannual administration of antiparasitic medication to those infected. The methodologies presented in the paper suggest elimination approaches that may be effective in other regions where the disease is endemic.

For the full paper: http://www.ajtmh.org/content/89/1/51.full.pdf+html
For a summary of the paper following the confirmed elimination: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/37151/title/A-Farewell–to-Parasites/.

“Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS CoV): Update 2013”

In a paper published by Current Infectious Disease Reports, author Poh Lian Lim writes, “We stand on the brink of another zoonotic transmission event,” where “classic public health interventions for outbreak control – isolation, quarantine, and social distancing – may still remain the only effective countermeasures.” Appearing as a novel virus in September 2012, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus has an alarming fatality rate of 57% and a rapid incubation period of one to nine days following an exposure. This report documents the current status of MERS CoV, explaining its person-to-person transmission, hypothesized bat derivation, relationship to SARS, and influenza-like manifestation.

For the full report: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11908-013-0344-2/fulltext.html.

Leave a Reply