Pop art is an art movement that emerged in the mid-1950s in Britain and the late 1950s in the United States. In pop art, Material is sometimes visually removed from its known context, isolated, and combined with unrelated material. (Wikipedia) Pop art is the abbreviated version of popular art, since one of its aims is using images of popular culture in the art to narrate, parody, or to satirize.
These are examples of famous pop art.
According to C.S. Peirce, human thought is based on signs in symbol systems, each of which have a structure of material and cognitive relations. Language can be the most obvious symbol. But, actually, human beings cannot only rely on the language to express their feelings, since we are facing such a complex world. We can count on other symbols, visual symbols must be one of the popular ones. Compared with language, the components of visual symbols can be more arbitrary, creative, and abundant.
Although some linguist and philosopher, such as Susanne Langer, denied applying the laws of syntax that govern language on the analysis of articulation. I still think there exist a lot of similarities underneath the differences. I, here, use a famous Asian artist: Kusama Yayoi and her arts as an example to interperate.
The parallel constraint-based architecture of interpreting the theory of processing is used here to analyze the art work.Pretty same as the figure of linguistics, the processing of art can also be divided into three parallel structures: the spots structures, the syntactic structures, and the conceptual structures. （Jackendoff）
The Spots Structures
Rather than the lexicon of linguistics, we can see clearly that Kusama Yayoi’s art works are composed by thousands of spots. They are the basic components of her art works. She, herself also mentioned that even earth is one of the millions of spots, when you finished one sport, you have already finished the universe and this world. In her art works, those spots are just like cells, or molecules, which are the origin and basis of the life.
The Syntactic Structures
The combination of the spots also has its own syntax, so that to express. This syntax can also branch outward to color and size of the spots.
We can also see another obvious feature of her work, the infinite. She uses millions of spots to change the original formation of a stuff, and creates a continuing relation between this stuff and the outer space. So when facing this art work, it is hard for the audience to tell the reality and the world she created.
The Conceptual Structures
Pumpkin is one of her representative works. To Kusama Yayoi, pumpkin is an index of food. She had experienced the World War 2, pumpkins are the only food for them to survive through the famine. From then, pumpkin becomes her favorite vegetable. She sees pumpkin as the most humorous vegetables, and the flexible one as well. So in her art works, we can see the pumpkin is soft instead of having hard skin.
 Daniel Chandler, Semiotics: The Basics. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Routledge, 2007. Excerpts.
[2 Ray Jackendoff, Foundations of Language, selections on the “Parallel Architecture” model of language as a combinatorial system. Chap. 5.5, pp. 123-128; Chap. 7, pp. 196-200.