Civilization advances by extending the number of important operations we can perform without thinking about them. —Alfred North Whitehead I am stuck with this quotation, which professor Irvine quoted at the beginning of the essay. It kept me thinking about how much time we spend on doing things that are important and necessary. It would be wonderful to have a reliable mechanism that does most of the repetitive work that doesn’t need our attention so that we can effectively focus on creative aspects like human relationships, mental health, arts, spirituality, etc. We are living in the best time to realize this dream of automation and artificial intelligence. We have massive data and infrastructure that supports transferring, storing, and analyzing the data at the personal level. As mentioned in the essay, We have evolved in Computing Systems in Longer Cognitive-Symbolic Continuum, and I believe we have a long way ahead of us. It’s fascinating to study AI from different viewpoints you mentioned. I’m particularly interested in exploring the Ethics and policy view. • How do you teach the algorithm to prioritize? Especially when you need to make an ethical choice between alternatives? • Who decides on what is right and wrong? How do you define the absolutes and relatives? • Are companies responsible if there is a failure in connection or a breakdown? • Is it harmful if everyone has access to robots without proper understanding and responsibility? • What should be the role of governments in regulating AI? What’s the fundamental difference between automation and machine learning? What kind of automation do we have in ML, and how does it evolve? We understand what is former logic is, but what is an informal logic method, and how does it function?