Computing Design Principles – Heba Khashogji

Deblackboxing the logic of how and why computers embody some specific kinds of computer system designs may lead us to the main concept of computing process. Today, we understand that the “Modern Computing is about designs for implementing human symbolic thought delegated to physical(electronic) structures for automating symbolic processes that we can represent in digital form”.

According to Prof. Irvine[1], The logical design, implemented physically, for automated controlled sequencing of input encoded symbols to output encoded symbols is what makes a computer a computer.

On the other hand, using the ideas raised by Alpaydin and Kelleher, a recent paper written by Brian Haney[2] can illustrate a way for understanding the “bottom up” system design approach. The paper explains how the “Scholars, lawyers, and commentators are predicting the end of the legal profession, citing specific examples of artificial intelligence (AI) systems out-performing lawyers in certain legal tasks.“. The article shows that “technology’s role in the practice of law is nothing new. The Internet, email, and databases like Westlaw and Lexis have been altering legal practice for decades.”. The increasing demand on the automated service in the field of legal profession was the main reason behind more and more bottom-up required designs. Similarly, we can find many other examples from other professions like accounting and statistics which will face the same destiny.

Until now, working through the main principles and learning precise definitions of terms helped us to “deblackbox” what seems closed and inaccessible in understanding the sophisticated concept of computer design and computing process. However, I would stay wondering why the scientists, producers, and engineers did not find a “more-comprehensive” terms since “Computing” is the term that came from a pure mathematical and accounting background, although the computer is a type of device/technology used for more than computing issues? Is it difficult to use a broader term in referring to the real nature of this technology because it became commonly used and hard to change it, or it is because of the mathematical basis of encoding symbols and logical designs?


[1] Prof. Irvine, (Video) “Introduction to Computer System Design”.


[2] Brian S. Haney, Applied Natural Language Processing for Law Practice, 2020 B.C. Intell. Prop. & Tech. F. (2020).

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About Heba Khashogji

As a true believer in the seeds of obedience that blossom in our lives my life found happiness in honoring my parents. This leads me to the passion I’ve been fulfilling, to be an agent of change both in the corporate and societal environment. I advocate to work on social services to create and promote equity, opportunity and improvement of the people and the community. I offer more than a decade of experience and accomplishment in human resource, driving implementation in employee development, quality management systems, salary standardization, compensation and benefits management, personnel services management and company reorganization and realignment. One of my achievements is the creation of a quality management procedures and policies as an strategic and tactical efforts that drove our company, Khashoggi Holding Company in its International recognition as Quality Crown Gold Awardee in 2014. Going back, when I started working as a volunteer accountant/admin to setup Dar AlHekma College, the first private college for ladies in the Saudi Arabia and my first official career in King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, I developed an interest in human relations and developed this interest into my participation to the implementation of quality management and standardization of policy management systems in these organizations. Demonstrating initiative in the start, I applied and implemented integration programs in Personnel Section leading to employees' satisfaction by delivering fair and reasonable benefits to all. Throughout my career, I had the opportunity to establish a strong network contacts in and out of the country through my active participation in several seminars and workshops. The scope of my experience has spanned practically in all aspects of HR as well as leadership. Another passion I am in love with is the aiding to the propagation of young Saudi generation be with better traits and characters created children books, converted to animated videos shown in local TV channels to help reinforcing behavioral change in the Arab region bringing them to be more well-mannered individuals and be more diplomatic among them as well as with their foreign friends exercising tact and courtesy in every encounter. Just recently, another 2 things in my wish list are achieved, to skydive and take Master course. Skydiving made me challenge myself and conquer my fears that can help me overcome obstacles in my future. I am not stopping to dream and I am not stopping to learn. I still see myself in a class, for 23 years from now, physical or virtual. I thirst for knowledge and I always crave for new ideas not even in the time of pandemic.